The Spokane Riverkeeper uses the Clean Water Act to police polluters of the Spokane River and it’s tributaries. We monitor permits, evaluate reports, and hold public officials accountable.

Here at the Riverkeeper, we are creating a series of videos to keep you informed about the legal pathways to a clean river. The good, the bad, and the ugly. Stay tuned as we release more videos!

Water Quality Standards:

Under the Clean Water Act, all of the waters of the United States have Water Quality Standards (WQS) to protect them from pollution. These are standards that are designed as the amount of pollutant allowed in a water body. The Water Quality Standard guarantees the health, the safety, and usability by people and wildlife. These standards ensure that all of our waters are fishable and swimmable. In some cases this also includes drinkable. These WQS are the bedrock of river and water protection in our society.

For a text explanation on water quality standards, read this blog post!

Total daily maximum loads vs. variances:

What are the legal pathways to a clean river, and what are the options for industry polluters if they cannot meet the water quality standards? In this video, Jerry explains the vital distinctions between what a variance is (which major Spokane River polluters are asking for) and a Total Daily Maximum Load, as the two potential options for cleaning up the Spokane River of PCBs.

For further explanation on the pathways to clean water, read this blog post!

An Innovative Lawsuit to Clean Up Hangman Creek

The Spokane Riverkeeper has settled a federal lawsuit challenging the Environmental Protection Agency’s (“EPA”) approval of Washington Department of Ecology’s plan to clean up pollution in Hangman Creek. 

The innovative settlement will identify and prioritize specific actions to reduce polluted runoff into this tributary of the Spokane River. It will fix pollution problems that have plagued the creek for years.  The settlement includes updating the assessment of shoreline vegetation, documenting points of pollution entering the stream (including tillage and livestock practices that are sources of pollution), tracking pollution correction measures and documenting the effectiveness of those correction measures.  In order to be effective, a watershed cleanup plan needs a smart balance of voluntary, incentivized programs backed up by strong regulatory side-boards.  This settlement will hold WDOE accountable for making progress by documenting its use of regulatory tools to enforce clean water laws if voluntary, technical and financial assistance in correcting problems fail. Both approaches will be used by the Washington Department of Ecology to protect the public’s health and protect clean water.

“This agreement will certainly add momentum in cleaning up pollution problems in Hangman Creek,” says Spokane Riverkeeper, Jerry White, Jr.  “The Clean Water Act and Washington State law requires the recovery of clean water and habitats that support native redband trout.  We believe this settlement will move the needle in the direction of long term recovery”.

Hangman Creek has high levels of sediment and fecal coliform bacteria and high water temperatures caused by poor agricultural practices and land uses.  Hangman Creek remains one of the most polluted creeks in Washington State.  This pollution causes several problems.  First, it continues to discharge contaminants to the main-stem of the Spokane River, and second, it prevents the recovery of Spokane’s iconic redband trout in areas it once thrived.  Unfortunately, the stream and shoreline habitats that once supported these fish are now so degraded they do not live in the main sections of Hangman Creek.  In the long term, this agreement will help in providing livable habitat for the salmon that will one day return to the watershed.  

The EPA approved a 10 year clean-up plan (called a “Total Maximum Daily Load”) in June, 2009, and the Washington Department of Ecology is charged with implementing that plan.  However, problems persist in Hangman Creek and progress has been slow since 2009.  

Spokane Riverkeeper scientist, Jule Schultz, said, “We fully expect the implementation of this agreement will become a partnership effort in the basin.  We know other organizations, and farm producers have been working hard to improve Hangman Creek for years, and we hope that Ecology’s plan will be an added framework helping get the community to clean water in the coming decade”.

Spokane Riverkeeper was represented by attorneys Jake Brooks and Bryan Telegin of the law firm Bricklin & Newman, LLP.

Find Original Challenge here, Appendix document here

Find the Settlement Agreement here